This page is dedicated to explaining the MediaWiki software package.
What is MediaWiki
MediaWiki is an open source, free software package that allows you to create your own, personal, customized wikis. A wiki is a web site that can be edited by its users. The web site is generally a repository of information on some topic or set of topics. The users who edit the web site work to contribute additional information to the site. They also edit each other’s work, and strive to make the entries in the wiki as factual as possible.
The word wiki is Hawian, and it means “quick.” Therefore the idea behind software like WikiMedia is to create a web site where information can be posted, edited, and viewed quickly and easily. MediaWiki is the same software used to power the popular Wikipedia site. It is therefore one of the most commonly used pieces of software in the entire world.
When you install MediaWiki, you are using the same software that drives the Wikipedia. You can use it, however, not to create an encyclopedia, but to create a repository of information on any subject you deem appropriate.
What Kinds of Wiki Sites Exist?
One quick way to begin to get a feeling for MediaWiki is to go to the WikiMedia.org web site. The MediaWiki site is just one of the projects you will find on that page. Others include:
- Wiktionary - A dictionary
- Wikiquote - A collection of quotes
- WikiBooks - A collection of editable books
- WikiNews - You write the news
- WikiMedia MetaWiki, WikiMedia Commons nd WikiMedia Incubator
As you can see, the same piece of software can be put to many different uses. But this is only a very tiny fraction of the sites that use MediaWiki. Below is a link to a page with a more comprehensive list of sites. It shows that there are hundreds, if not thousands of sites that use MediaWiki, though I find that many, though by no means all, the sites are no longer active:
Frequently a privately owned compay will download the WikiMedia software and create a wiki on one or more of the their products.
Easy MediaWiki Install
- sudo apt-get install mediawiki
Optionally, and if you have a large amount of disk space (4 GB free?) install the following:
- sudo apt-get install imagemagick mediawiki-math php5-gd
We then need to edit apache.conf, removing the # from the line that reads Alias /mediawiki /var/lib/mediawiki. After we edit the file, restart apache:
- sudo nano /etc/mediawiki/apache.conf
- sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
Here is what the restart might look like on your system:
Figure 0X: Restarting apache. Since we have not set the server name, the warning is what you should expect, and is not harmful. (Click image to expand.)
Now start MediaWiki: http://localhost/mediawiki
At this stage, MediaWiki will not be fully installed, but you should be able to something in the browser like that shown in this screen-shot:
If everything is working, skip from here to the Web Setup Portion of this document. Otherwise, try again, or read the Manul Install section.
Manual MediaWiki Install
If the easy-install shown above does not work for you, then you can try this more detailed install process. Download MediaWiki from this site:
The official installation guide can be found here:
Configuration tips and tricks can be found here:
Overview of Install
$ tar xvzf mediawiki-1.18.1.tar.gz
$ sudo mv mediawiki-1.18.1 /var/www/mediawiki $ cd /var/www/mediawiki/ $ chmod 777 mw-config
Set up the Database
This step is optional, as the scripts run in the Web Setup Portion should do this for you automatically. Nevertheless, it is perhaps useful to undersand how to create a database of the type that MediaWiki uses to store data. In this example, we create the database itself, but not the tables that populate it.
charlie@WesternSea:/var/www/mediawiki$ mysql -u root -p Enter password: Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 74 Server version: 5.1.58-1ubuntu1 (Ubuntu) Copyright (c) 2000, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. This software comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software, and you are welcome to modify and redistribute it under the GPL v2 license Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql> show databases; +--------------------+ | Database | +--------------------+ | information_schema | | charlie_test | | mysql | | phpmyadmin | | script_child | | wordpress | +--------------------+ 6 rows in set (0.08 sec) mysql> create database mediawiki; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec) mysql> grant index, create, select, insert, update, delete, alter, lock tables on wikidb.* to 'wikiuser'@'localhost' identified by 'bar'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) mysql>
Now it is time for the Web portion of the install. It is during this stage that you configure MediaWiki to support the database, and features, that you want it to use. To begin this process, you typically browse to http://localhost/mediawiki. You might, however, type in the name of another server besides localhost, depending on where you performed the portion of the install outlined in the previous section. When you browse to that page, you will see something like what is shown in Figure 01.
Figure 01: Click the “set up the wiki” link to begin the core steps in configuring your Wiki.
When performing the install, one of the most important steps is the last, when you copy a file called LocalSettings.php from you local machine to your MediaWiki installation. This file is created during the install process, and is handed to you as the last step in the install. I typically save it into /home/$USER/Downloads. It contains all the settings you specified when you ran the installatation. Here is the command I gave to copy to the LocalSettings file to its proper location. There is a built-in symlink that goes from /etc/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php to /var/lib/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php.
sudo cp /home/charlie/Downloads/LocalSettings.php /etc/mediawiki/.
It is also possible that LocalSettings.php was saved automatically to some location on your system, probably /etc/mediawiki/config. If this happens, you will see a note at the end of the install to this effect. Please note the exact location where LocalSettings is stored as reported by the install application. You can then copy the from there, instead of from your downloads directory. Depending on where the file is placed on your system, it might look something like this:
sudo cp /etc/mediawiki/config/LocalSettings.php /etc/mediawiki/.
Or on some systems, it might be this:
sudo mv /var/lib/mediawiki/config/LocalSettings.php /etc/mediawiki/.
If you are in on the Mac or a Linux box, and you need to copy your LocalSettings.php to EC2 or some other remote location, you can do something like this. From your local machine, copy the file to the remote machine using SSH secure copy (scp):
scp LocalSettings.php ubuntu@XX.XX.XX.XX:/home/ubuntu/.
You should change XX.XX.XX.XX to the IP address or URL of your remote server. Then sign back on to EC2 and copy:
sudo cp /home/ubuntu/LocalSettings.php /etc/mediawiki/.
When the software is fully installed, it might looking something like the image shown in Figure 02.
Figure 02: Screenshot of the fully install MediaWiki software. Click to enlarge.
If you want the extensions, then install them with this command:
sudo apt-get install mediawiki-extensions
Then edit /etc/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php and add the following line at the very end of the document:
You may also need to restart apache:
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
Now you should be able to format poems with the poem tag:
<poem> Here is my poem. </poem>
You will find other extensions you might want to use in:
Note: The extensions are all symbolic links. There are some notes I’ve found on the web that imply that the extensions folders must be symbolic links?
Poem -\> /usr/share/mediawiki-extensions/base/Poem
If the links did not already exist, and they do exist after you install the mediawiki-extensions, you could create them like this:
sudo ln -s /usr/share/mediawiki-extensions/base/Poem /var/lib/mediawiki/extensions/Poem
There are hundreds of extensions to MediaWiki:
Set up the Logo
You might want to change the logo seen in the upper left hand corner of your screen. You should not try to edit the image found in:
This file will be replaced when you update your system. Instead, place the file that you want to use as a logo in the images directory, by issuing a command that looks something like this:
sudo cp /home/$USER/MyLogo.png /var/lib/mediawiki/images/.
Then use an editor likenano or vi to edit LocalSettings.php and set the $wgLogo variable found on about line 38:
sudo nano /etc/mediawiki/LocalSettings.php
The line you want to edit should end up looking something like this:
Then go back to your copy of MediaWiki and press F5. You should see the new logo as shown here:
Page Creation and Editing
You typically do not use HTML to format the pages in a Wiki. Instead, you begin editing your page, and then use the simple wiki markup syntax to format the text you place on your pages.
- If you put two single quote marks are text it appears in ‘‘italic’’: italic
- If you put two equal marks on each side of a word, it appears as a heading, level 2. Which is the equivalent of an H2 in HTML. For example: ==My Heading==.
The wiki markup syntax is designed for non-technical people. The easiest way to learn the basics, is to study the reference on the mediawiki site. Some of the more advanced issues are a bit tricky to use. For a mix of simple and more advanced syntax, see these links: