Learn WordPress basics.

Get Started

Get WordPress as a gzipped tar file and decompress it.

cd ~/temp
wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz
tar -xzvf latest.tar.gz

If you need to install PHP:

sudo apt-get install php libapache2-mod-php php-mcrypt php-mysql
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Some special PHP extensions can optionally be installed this way:

sudo apt-get install php-curl php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-xml php-xmlrpc
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Set up WordPress Directory

Make your own copy of the WordPress config file and set the permissions for the WordPress content directory. Later you may want to tighten these permissions, but it is simplest to make it possible to write to these directories during development.

cd wordpress
cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data wp-content/
cd ..

Set Up WordPress Database

There are a number of ways to create the wordpress datbase in MySQL. The simplest might be to run a few lines that lines that let you manipulate the database without ever having to launch the mysql front end. Note however, that you might need to specify a particular user other than root and a particular password orther than foobar:

mysql -u root -p -e 'create database wordpress;'
mysql -u root -p -e 'GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO "root"@"localhost" IDENTIFIED BY "foobar";'
mysql -u root -p -e 'FLUSH PRIVILEGES;'
mysql -u root -p -e 'use wordpress; show grants for 'root'@'localhost';'

WP Configuration

You will need to edit this section of wp-config.php:

/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define('DB_NAME', 'database_name_here');

/** MySQL database username */
define('DB_USER', 'username_here');

/** MySQL database password */
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'password_here');

/** MySQL hostname */
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');

You will need to fill in the first three fields. We can leave DB_HOST at localhost, at least for now.

The following simple script can help you automate the process, though you may need to change the DATA_OWNER and DATA_PASSWORD. Run the script from the WordPress directory. That is, run it from the same directory where wp-config.php is located.

#! /bin/bash


sed -i -- 's/database_name_here/'$WORDPRESS_DIR'/' wp-config.php
sed -i -- 's/username_here/'$WORDPRESS_DATA_OWNER'/' wp-config.php
sed -i -- 's/password_here/'$WORDPRESS_DATA_PASSWORD'/' wp-config.php

Also change the secure key by going here: https://api.wordpress.org/secret-key/1.1/salt/

Run WordPress

Move the WordPress folder to /var/www/html:

cd ~/temp mv wordpress /var/www/html/.

Browse to http://localhost/wordpress/wp-admin

Or if you did the setup on a remote machine then do something like this:

I think it is fairly obvious how to step through the single configuration page you see when you first load the admin page. After you fill out the simple form, then begin editing your WordPress posts.

Set the site title to ‘prog270-lastname’

Set the user name to your first name or something you will remember.

You don’t have to use the password that they use especially locally. But when we put on EC2, do pick a good password. Something that can’t be easily broken.


Now that you have it running locally, let’s move the whole thing to EC2

Turn it in

Send me the URL that points to your instance of WordPress running on EC2.


Very out of date information is here:


Here is a description of how to change the password:

Remember, that if you change it you have to change the password in wp-config.php.


I followed these instructions:. Choose this from the menu:

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And I uploaded a 512-512 PNG file.